The Mediterranean games since their first edition in 1951 in Alexandria in Egypt have experienced a clear progression, the idea born from the will of the Egyptian doctor of political sciences, Mohammed Taher Pasha in order to create a competition bringing together countries with a common bond. namely the Mediterranean basin.
In the beginning, there were only 11 participating countries
The 1st Mediterranean Games were held in Alexandria, Egypt, in honor of the inspiration for the Games, Mohamed Taher Pasha. The opening ceremony took place on October 5, 1951 with the presence of 10 countries, which competed in 13 sports.
Italy won the majority of the medals, while Egypt, Greece, France, Spain, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria and Malta also participated. The 13 sports in which the 734 athletes competed in Alexandria were: athletics, football, basketball, swimming, gymnastics, diving, boxing, fencing, rowing, shooting, l weightlifting, wrestling and water polo.
The first edition included 11 countries namely Italy, France, Spain, Egypt, Turkey, Greece, Yugoslavia, Lebanon, Syria, Malta and the Principality of Monaco in eleven (11) disciplines and 734 athletes participated.
This edition was dominated by Italy with 61 medals (27 gold, 22 silver and 12 bronze) followed by France with 44 medals (26 gold, 13 silver and 5 bronze) and on the third step of the podium Egypt with 65 medals (20 gold, 26 silver and 19 bronze).
Today, 26 countries participate in the Mediterranean Games
Since then, this competition has continued to evolve, whether in the number of participating countries or the disciplines to arrive at this 2022 edition which will count the participation of 26 nations in 24 disciplines out of 204 events and more than 4,500 athletes. are expected for this event which will take place from June 25 to July 5 in Oran.
The following nations participate in the Mediterranean Games:
- Bosnia and herzegovina
- North Macedonia
- San Marino